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Paternity law in Qatar has many words, yes Qatar is ruled by Islamic and Sharia laws that state:
” The UAE wording on how nasab is to be established to the father adds, after
the conjugal bed, acknowledgement, and [shar`i] evidence, that this can be done
“through scientific methods where the conjugal bed is established.” The Explanatory Memorandum, quoted below, sets out the relationship between the envisaged use of methods such as DNA testing and the jurisprudential rules on “the existence of the conjugal bed.” In the arguments for the need to establish nasab (rather than biological paternity), references are made not only to the range of rights and responsibilities that arise to individuals through filiation but also to the wider societal context:
This article refers to establishing paternity through modern scientific
methods such as DNA testing, which are scientific means of establishing
the definite relationship between the child and his [/her] father; but in
order not to make a mockery of the issues involved in establishment of
paternity, by making it a matter simply of establishing this relationship
through a medical test, the article has linked its ruling to the existence of
the conjugal bed in accordance with article 90. This is to prevent what has
happened in a number of cases, with sperm being taken from a man and
implanted into a woman without there being any shar`i tie between them.
Most of the paternity establishment is made by “married people sharing a conjugal bed” and if the evidence of marriage is not there then there’s no way a man can be the father. We all know that a lot of Muslims, married and not married are sharing everything, not just ‘conjugal beds’ which means there are a lot of children born out of wedlock, mainly in non-Muslim countries and one day those children may come back looking for their fathers. I wish there was a training for students who will study abroad, warning them of the consequences of premarital sex. I would never want another love struck female going thru life wondering about their ex.
In February of 2015 there was an article about “Qatar moves to standardize use of DNA evidence in court” The article states:
“DNA evidence may soon be admissible in Qatar’s criminal courts after the nation’s Cabinet approved a draft law specifying how the powerful investigative tool could be used.
According to a statement released by Qatar’s state news agency, the draft law would make “DNA tests and data kept in DNA database to be authoritative in evidence unless proven otherwise.”
DNA evidence can identify a suspect with near certainty when samples such as hair and bodily fluids are collected and analyzed properly.
Two lawyers who spoke to Doha News said they have not seen such evidence presented in Qatar’s courts, suggesting it is not commonly used here.
Up until now, it was left to a judge’s discretion as to whether to admit DNA evidence, former Qatari justice minister Najeeb al-Nuaimi told Doha News. However, if passed, the law would require judges to allow DNA evidence to be presented, he said.”
And: “He added that he doubted it would have a great effect on the local legal system as DNA evidence is “usually used in murder, rape and other cases to prove paternity, which aren’t many in Doha,” he said.
“Defendants usually admit to the crime in the cases I’ve handled, so there was no need for DNA evidence,” he added.”
And recently: Article Link
I’ve also found the Family Law outline of Qatar and read this:
Proof of Parentage by Testimony
Parentage may be proved by the testimony of two men or a man and two women.
Proof of birth and identity of the Child born may be established by the testimony of one Muslim,competent witness, male or female.